Kindergarten can be a big step for many children. Most of the time, this often entails a significant transition in their lives, especially since they will start going to school, meeting a lot of new people, and have many activities and lessons to learn,
Most parents fear that their children will be left behind in school. Compared to other kids, they would want their child to excel or at the very least be able to catch up with other students in terms of understanding and remembering the lessons. Because of these, many parents want to make sure that their children are on-point with what they should know before school. Here are a few things that you may want to teach your child before they get to kindergarten:
1. Knowing their Name
Before reaching kindergarten, most children should already know their first and last names. So when asked, “What is your name?” they should be able to say their first name and last name. This includes correct pronunciation.
Aside from saying their name, they should know how to write and spell their name. Though most children can write the alphabet in lowercase letters, it is ideal that they learn how to write their first name in all caps. Making sure that they know how to spell their name is also essential.
They should be able to say the whole alphabet out loud and pronounce most of the letters. They should also know to write the entire alphabet, at least those in lower case. When asked, they should also identify which letters are which, and sometimes, they can even read 3-letter words. Many children can also understand rhyming words and think of easy rhymes at this age.
Ideally, a child should learn to count to at least 20 before kindergarten. However, other children can count up to 100. Aside from that, they should write the numbers at least to ten.
They should also be able to identify the numerals in one to ten and count items. For example, when holding up two pencils, they should know and say two pencils.
At this age, children should know some of the most basic animals and be familiar with the common ones like a dog, cat, monkey, turtle, frog, whale, and the likes. Usually, a children’s book on animals from a to z would often help children remember how each animal would usually look and the variety some animals may have in color or hair length. They could also remember which is their favorite animal and which they prefer as a pet most of the time.
Though it is not expected that they could thoroughly read everything they see in a book, it would help if other family members read the story to be more familiar with the words. However, in terms of sequencing events appropriately and retelling the story to others, children at this age should be able to do it. Moreover, they should recall the events of something that had recently occurred and narrate what happened in basic vocabulary.
Aside from calling and differentiating people that the child is usually familiar with, most of the time, they should be able to say their parent’s (or guardian’s) full names and the names of some of their siblings or relatives. If the family is composed of many people, usually only the first names stick, but children can remember even their sibling’s full names for smaller families.
Before kindergarten, most children should identify colors of the rainbow and other basic colors such as red, blue, green, yellow, orange, purple, black, white, indigo, black, white, brown, and pink. They should tell which color is what and match them accurately. Aside from that, they can also choose their favorite color at that age.
Before kindergarten, it is best if basic manners are already imbibed by the child, such as using polite words, table manners while eating, basic bathroom etiquette, and the like. Moreover, children should do these without their parents asking them to do so. Though this does not always affect their learning in school, this is important since it significantly affects how they can socialize, mingle with other children, and eventually make friends.